Latin: Taraxacum officinale Weber.
A common weed, its solitary flower head, each with numerous yellow ray flowers,tops a hollow, leafless stalk
that rises from the center of a rosette of toothed leaves.
Stem juice is milky.
Heads 2-3.8 cm (3/4-1 1/2 in.) wide, with outer bracts short, curled back, inner bracts longer, curling back when fruits mature; flowers all of ray type; mostly the winter months in the South and summer in the North.5-40 cm (2-16 in.) long, lanceolate, broadest near tip, with jagged, backward-pointing lobes or teeth.
5-50 cm (2-20 in.).
Lawns, pastures, fields, and roadsides.
Throughout North America, but rare in extreme southeastern United States.
The popular name dandelion comes from dent de lion, French for “lion’s tooth,” referring to the teeth on the leaves. This plant has many uses; the leaves, root and flowers can be eaten. It is an extremely nutritious plant as it contains many vitamins, minerals.Young-to-early mature leaves are edible raw in salads or sandwiches, while the crown can be eaten as a separate hot vegetable. It should be steamed or boiled if too bitter. The roots are commonly roasted to make a good-tasting non-caffeinated coffee.?Medicinally, it can be used as an herbal remedy for both internal and external ailments. It can be employed in the treatment of gall bladder and urinary disorders, gallstones, jaundice, cirrhosis, dyspepsia with constipation, diseases associated with high blood pressure and heart weakness, chronic joint and skin complaints, gout, eczema and acne.