Yarrow

Ojibway: Nookwezigan
Latin: Achillea millefolium L.

Yarrow-1

Common Names
  • Common Yarrow
Description

Flat-topped clusters of small, whitish flowers grow at the top of a gray-green, leafy, usually hair on stem.

Flowers

Heads about 6 mm (1/4 in.) across, 4-6 ray flowers surrounding tiny central disk flowers; June to September.

Leaves

15 cm (6 in.) long, very finely dissected, gray-green, fern-like, aromatic; lanceolate in outline, stalkless. Basal leaves longer

Height
Yarrow-2

30-90 cm (1-3 ft.) tall

Habitat

Old fields, roadsides.

Range

Most of temperate North America.

Discussion

Yarrow was formerly used for medicinal purposes, to break a fever and treat headaches by increasing perspiration, to teach hemorrhaging and for rashes. It is often used in combination with other plants to treat ailments. By steeping
the leaves a tea can be made to cure stomach discomfort.
The foliage has a pleasant smell when crushed.